Nicholas III : 1277-1280 A.D.
188. Born in Rome. Elected December 26, 1277 - died August 22, 1280, in his villa at Soriano nel Cimino.
He was the first Pope to live in the Vatican and had the famous gardens built.
He sent missionaries to convert Tartar Kings.
He came to an agreement with the city of Viterbo concerning the curia and forced the Municipality to appropriately furbish the Pontifical Palace, giving free residence to the cardinals and the members of the curia and sending away prostitutes and mediators.
He had the famous "Passetto" built: an elevated corridor linking the Vatican to the fortress of Castel S. Angelo.
He ordered the third series of portraits of the Popes in S. Paolo Fuori Ie Mura, deducting dates and physiognomy from ancient documents.
He is buried in the Vatican Grottoes. His pontificate lasted about 2 years and 8 months.
Martin IV : 1281-1285 A.D.
189. Born in France. Elected March 23, 1281 - died March 23, 1285.
He tried to convey the sense of charity to the great and powerful of that period.Honorius IV :1285-1287 A.D.
During his pontificate, the famous revolution of the Sicilian Vespers broke out.
Giuseppe Verdi wrote an opera in 5 acts, which was performed for the first time in Paris in 1855.
He ordered the building of two pontifical palaces in Orvieto and Montefiascone, from where the strong- hold takes origin. He is buried in the Cathedral of Perugia.
His pontificate lasted 4 years and 1 month.
190. Born in Rome. Elected May 20, 1285 - died April 3, 1287.
His first action was that of restoring order in the Pontifical State.
He fostered the University of Paris and tried to resume relations with the Greek Church; he also tried to come to an agreement with the Islamic people.
He recognised the Carmelites.
He was so tormented by gout that he had difficulty moving, and when he was saying Mass he needed some special devices to raise his hands and lift the Host.
Paul III (1534-1549) transferred the body of Honorius IV to the Aracoeli Church, near his mother's grave.
His pontificate lasted 2 years and 1 day.
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