The purpose of this document is to "put a face" to the reason behind our continual exhortation, to one and all, to seek from God the level of Faith that He has ordained for each individual from all Eternity. A "face" that can be recognized and, hopefully, acted upon.
BACKGROUND and INTRODUCTION
Most Christians should know that the belief in Jesus Resurrection is the key requirement for Salvation and Eternal Life. One can lead a christian-like life but if, when given the choice, the individual rejects the notion of the Resurrection of Jesus, their chances for Salvation/Eternal Life are the proverbial "slim to none".
Of course, it is very easy to say "I believe!"; another is to factually prove it, until death, if necessary as pre-Constantinian Christians did.
In this document we will present to the reader the highlights of the results of Yale's Milgram Experiment. We know that you will view life quite differently afterwards and that the chances are that your number one priority may become the strengthening of your Faith - no matter how strong you may think it is now.
Quoting from the extensive article (1) on the subject matter which appears in Wikipedia (our highlighting):
The Milgram experiment was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram, which measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts that conflicted with their personal conscience.
Milgram first described his research in 1963 in an article published in the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, and later discussed his findings in greater depth in his 1974 book, Obedience to Authority
Obviously Faith is the Sculptor or Architect as well as the Corner Stone of a Christian's personal conscience. Just like a poor sculptor cannot produce a beautiful sculpture nor an architect design an enduring structure, without the right Corner Stone we would experience what Jesus warned us about nearly 2000 years ago:
Every one therefore that heareth these my words, and doth them, shall be likened to a wise man that built his house upon a rock, And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell not, for it was founded on a rock.
And every one that heareth these my words, and doth them not, shall be like a foolish man that built his house upon the sand, And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell, and great was the fall thereof. [Matthew 7: 24-26]
We will now reproduce the key portions of the Wikipedia report on Milgram's experiment. [Highlighting will be from The M+G+R Foundation.]
Milgram's testing revealed that it could have been that the millions of (Adolf Hitler's) accomplices were merely following orders, despite violating their deepest moral beliefs Milgram summarized the experiment in his 1974 article, "The Perils of Obedience", writing:
The legal and philosophic aspects of obedience are of enormous importance, but they say very little about how most people behave in concrete situations. I set up a simple experiment at Yale University to test how much pain an ordinary citizen would inflict on another person simply because he was ordered to by an experimental scientist. Stark authority was pitted against the subjects' [participants'] strongest moral imperatives against hurting others, and, with the subjects' [participants'] ears ringing with the screams of the victims, authority won more often than not. The extreme willingness of adults to go to almost any lengths on the command of an authority constitutes the chief finding of the study and the fact most urgently demanding explanation.
Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process. Moreover, even when the destructive effects of their work become patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority.
Three people take part in the experiment: "experimenter"; "learner" ("victim"); and "teacher" (participant). Only the "teacher" is an actual participant, i.e., unaware about the actual setup, while the "learner" is a confederate of the experimenter. The role of the experimenter was played by a stern, impassive biology teacher dressed in a grey technician's coat, and the victim (learner) was played by a 47-year-old Irish-American accountant trained to act for the role. The participant and the learner were told by the experimenter that they would be participating in an experiment helping his study of memory and learning in different situations.
The subject was given the title teacher, and the confederate, learner. The participants drew lots to 'determine' their roles. Unknown to them, both slips said "teacher", and the actor claimed to have the slip that read "learner", thus guaranteeing that the participant would always be the "teacher". At this point, the "teacher" and "learner" were separated into different rooms where they could communicate but not see each other. In one version of the experiment, the confederate was sure to mention to the participant that he had a heart condition.
The "teacher" was given an electric shock from the electro-shock generator as a sample of the shock that the "learner" would supposedly receive during the experiment. The "teacher" was then given a list of word pairs which he was to teach the learner. The teacher began by reading the list of word pairs to the learner. The teacher would then read the first word of each pair and read four possible answers. The learner would press a button to indicate his response. If the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing in 15-volt increments for each wrong answer. If correct, the teacher would read the next word pair.
The subjects believed that for each wrong answer, the learner was receiving actual shocks. In reality, there were no shocks. After the confederate was separated from the subject, the confederate set up a tape recorder integrated with the electro-shock generator, which played pre-recorded sounds for each shock level. After a number of voltage level increases, the actor started to bang on the wall that separated him from the subject. After several times banging on the wall and complaining about his heart condition, all responses by the learner would cease.
At this point, many people indicated their desire to stop the experiment and check on the learner. Some test subjects paused at 135 volts and began to question the purpose of the experiment. Most continued after being assured that they would not be held responsible. A few subjects began to laugh nervously or exhibit other signs of extreme stress once they heard the screams of pain coming from the learner.
If at any time the subject indicated his desire to halt the experiment, he was given a succession of verbal prods by the experimenter, in this order:
1. Please continue.
2. The experiment requires that you continue.
3. It is absolutely essential that you continue.
4. You have no other choice, you must go on.
If the subject still wished to stop after all four successive verbal prods, the experiment was halted. Otherwise, it was halted after the subject had given the maximum 450-volt shock three times in succession.
Before conducting the experiment, Milgram polled fourteen Yale University senior-year psychology majors as to what they thought would be the results. All of the poll respondents believed that only a few (average 1.2%) would be prepared to inflict the maximum voltage. Milgram also informally polled his colleagues and found that they, too, believed very few subjects would progress beyond a very strong shock.
In Milgram's first set of experiments, 65 percent (26 of 40) of experiment participants administered the experiment's final massive 450-volt shock, though many were very uncomfortable doing so; at some point, every participant paused and questioned the experiment, some said they would refund the money they were paid for participating in the experiment. Only one participant steadfastly refused to administer shocks above the 300-volt level.
Later, Prof. Milgram and other psychologists performed variations of the experiment throughout the world, with similar results although unlike the Yale experiment, resistance to the experimenter was reported anecdotally elsewhere. Milgram later investigated the effect of the experiment's locale on obedience levels by holding an experiment in an unregistered, backstreet office in a bustling city, as opposed to at Yale, a respectable university. The level of obedience, "although somewhat reduced, was not significantly lower." What made more of a difference was the proximity of the "learner" and the experimenter. There were also variations tested involving groups.
Dr. Thomas Blass of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County performed a meta-analysis on the results of repeated performances of the experiment. He found that the percentage of participants who are prepared to inflict fatal voltages remains remarkably constant, 61–66 percent, regardless of time or place.
The thoroughness of the experiments and the repeatability of the results show that even if an average of 1.2 % of the participants believe that he/she will not be coerced into inflicting harm on another human being, and average of 65 % will do it!
The only way to ensure that a Christian will do what he/she believes is right according to the pure and unadulterated (2) Christian Faith is a Christian whose Faith is built upon the Rock of Jesus Christ as He pointed out through Matthew 7: 24-26, quoted at the beginning of this document.
We understand that many will not like the contents of this Epilogue, but most did not like what Jesus said nearly 2000 years ago.
Since miguel de Portugal's conversion in 1985, through the time of "leave all behind and follow Me" of 1991 and to this date - he has found that the real Faith of 99 % of the thousands upon thousands of those with whom he has entered into contact (personally or virtually) does not even come close to what they believe the level of their Faith is.
miguel de Portugal does not need to be convinced of anyone's Faith - it is not his business; his "business", that is, his function, is sounding "the alarm trumpet" as God Wills it so that Heaven is stormed with the prayers of one and all seeking an increase of Faith to the level that God has ordained for each individual from all Eternity.
A mind set, for example, which brings us comfort and consolation is that of our dear IC [see Public Forum Posting of October 2nd and 7th (3)]. Being fully aware of his Faith limitations, we know that, with the Grace of God - with Whom all is possible for man - IC's Faith will be all that it has to be to safely navigate to an Eternity of bliss.
(1) Original Wikipedia Article
(2) Not the version to which exceptions have been "penciled in" the Divine Law, like "Thou shall not kill" to which a number of footnotes have been added to justify the wanton violation of that Divine Law.
(3) Public Forum Part 2 - October 2009
You are being Brainwashed - Part I
You are being Brainwashed - Part II